The July Monarchy (1830-1848) was established in France with the reign of Louis Philippe of France. His predecessor, Charles X, was abdicated during the July Revolution. This revolution had been launched in July of 1830 by the merchant bourgeoisie, who were outraged to be ousted from the limited voters list.
The July Monarchy was a period of liberal monarchy rule of France under Louis-Philippe. Charles X of the House of Bourbon was overthrown in the July Revolution, and was succeeded on August 9, 1830 by Louis-Philippe of the House of Orléans. Proclaiming himself the “King of the French” (roi des Français) instead of “King of France” (roi de France), thus underscoring the supremacy of popular sovereignty, Louis-Philippe established a moderate, constitutional monarchy.
The renovated regime (often called the July Monarchy or the bourgeois monarchy) rested on an altered political theory and a broadened social base. Divine right gave way to popular sovereignty; the social centre of gravity shifted from the landowning aristocracy to the wealthy bourgeoisie.
The monarchy was marked by continued dissension on the Left and its overwhelming bourgeois character.
The new regime’s ideal was explicated by Louis-Philippe’s famous statement in January 1831: “We will attempt to remain in a juste milieu (the just middle), in an equal distance from the excesses of popular power and the abuses of royal power.”
Unrelated, but interesting links:
A Very Fine Romance wrote some very fine articles on the Habsburg Monarchy, definitely worth a visit!
History of Art Blog posted an article on crowds in landscape paintings, which has some very interesting insights.
Victorian Novel Community a community all about Victorian novels. There is not a lot of action but it makes a good read.